ICSE 2019: Notice Writing: Format

Format of a NOTICE

A notice is an official mode of announcement. The function of a notice is to publicise or present information to a particular group of people. Notices are normally intended to be fixed on specific display boards whether in schools or in public places. Notices published by the government appear in newspapers and other public means of communication.

Format

A notice should be composed in the following format:

The Name of The Organisation Issuing the Notice

  • Heading: NOTICE

A Heading to introduce the subject of the notice.

The heading should be relevant to the event and it should not be Notice.

  • Date:
  • Time:
  • Venue:

(Hall/Auditorium + Location)

For example:

The Jubilee Auditorium; Harmony School

  • Name of event:

For example:

Child Labour in India (Inter-School Discussion)

  • For Whom? The Target Audience, invitees and so on.

For example:

Representative students and teachers from the school in the city of Hyderabad are eligible to participate.

  • Signature
  • Full Name
  • Designation

Note to Note

  1. Write only the most significant points.
  2. Provide the important details.
  3. Add an additional information if the detail is pertinent.
  4. Be precise and grammatically correct.
  5. They should be in the passive voice as far as possible.
  6. The notice should be presented within a box.
  7. Standard abbreviations can be used.
  8. Check that the 5 Ws are included.

The 5Ws are

  • What is going to happen, (that is, the event)
  • Where it will take place
  • When it will take place (that is, the date and time)
  • Who can apply or is eligible for it
  • Whom to contact or apply to (that is, the issuing authority)

Given below is an example of a Notice:

Format Notice

 

ICSE 2017 English 1 Practice Paper 992017

ENGLISH LANGUAGE
ENGLISH Paper – 1
(Two hours)
Answers to this paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.

Attempt all four questions.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [].
You are advised to spend not more than 35 minutes in answering Question 1 and 20 minutes in answering Question 2.

Question 1
(Do not spend more than 35 minutes on this question.)
Write a composition (350 – 400 words) on any one of the following: [25]

(a) Write an original story that begins with the words: “He was the funniest boy I had ever met. He would make everyone laugh………….”
(b) Narrate an incident from your own experience when you helped a friend who was in trouble. What did you do to make the situation better?
(d) You were on a school trip and were on your way back to the hostel late one night when your school bus broke down in a lonely area. Describe the experience and what you and your fellow-passengers felt and learned from the experience.
(d) “School days are the happiest days of our lives.” Express your views either for or against this statement.
(e) Study the picture given below. Write a story or a description or an account of what it suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or you may take suggestions from it; however, there must be a clear connection between the picture and your composition.

 

thF1Z31VB6

 

Question 2
(Do not spend more than 20 minutes on this question.)
Select any one of the following: [10]

(a) There is an electric post near the main gate of your house. A number of loose electric wires are hanging from it, posing a threat not only to you but also to the public. Write a letter to the Assistant Executive Engineer (Maintenance) explaining the problem and requesting him/her to take the necessary steps to rectify the issue.

(b) You feel sorry for having behaved very rudely to a friend on several occasions in the past. Write a letter to him/her expressing your regret and apologising for your rude behaviour.
Question 3
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

There was a heavy fighting taking place in Dublin. Republicans and Free Staters were fighting each other as a civil war had broken out in the city. A Republican sniper lay waiting and watching on a rooftop. He ate a sandwich hungrily as he had eaten nothing since morning. After having a short draught of whisky, he paused for a moment, considering whether he should risk a smoke. It was dangerous. The flash might be seen in the darkness, and there were enemies watching. He decided to take the risk. He struck the match and lit the cigarette hurriedly. Almost immediately, a bullet hit the parapet of the roof. Cautiously he raised himself and peered over the parapet. There was a flash and a bullet whizzed over his head. He dropped immediately. He had seen the flash. It came from the opposite side of the street.
Just then an armoured car of the Irish Free States Forces arrived, and an old woman stepped out of the darkness and pointed out the sniper`s hide out to the soldier in the car. The sniper shot both the woman and the man in the car. Immediately, a bullet was fired at the sniper from the roof of the house on the opposite side. This time, this hit him on the right arm.
With an immense will-power, the sniper dressed his wound and lay still for a long time, nursing his wounded arm and planning escape. Morning must not find him wounded on the roof. The enemy on the opposite roof had made escape impossible. He must kill that enemy but he could not use his rifle. He had only a revolver to do it. Then he thought of a plan. Taking off his cap, he placed it over the muzzle of his rifle. Then he pushed the rifle slowly upward over the parapet until the cap was visible from the opposite side of the street. Almost immediately, there was a shot, and a bullet pierced the centre of the cap. The sniper slanted the rifle forward. The cap slipped down into the street. Then catching the rifle in the middle, the sniper dropped his left hand over the roof and let it hang, lifelessly. After a few moments, he left the rifle drop to the street. Then he sank to the roof, dragging his hand with him.
Crawling quickly to the left, he peered up at the corner of the roof. His trick had succeeded. The other sniper seeing the cap and the rifle fall thought that he had killed his man. He was now standing before a row of chimney spots, looking across, with his head clearly outlined against the western sky.
The Republican sniper smiled and lifted his revolver above the edge of the parapet. He took a steady aim. His hand trembled with eagerness. Pressing his lips together, he took a deep breath and fired.

Then when the smoke cleared, he peered across and uttered a cry of joy. His enemy had been hit. He was swaying unsteadily over the parapet in his death agony. He struggled to keep his feet, but he was slowly falling forward, as if in a dream. The rifle fell from his grasp, hit the parapet, fell over, bounced off the pole of a barber`s shop beneath and then clattered on the pavement.
Then the dying man on the roof crumpled up and fell forward. The body turned over and over in space and hit the ground with a dull thud. There it lay still.
The sniper looked at his enemy falling and he shuddered. The lust of battle died in him. He was filled with remorse. Weakened by his wound and the long summer day of fasting and watching on the roof, he felt sick at the sight of the shattered body of his dead enemy. His teeth chattered, he began to mutter senselessly to himself, cursing the war, cursing himself, cursing everybody.
Taking his whisky from his pocket, he emptied it at a draught. He felt reckless under the influence of the spirit. He decided to leave the roof now and look for his company commander to report. Everywhere around was quiet. There was not much danger in going through the streets.
Then he crawled down through the skylight to the house underneath.
When the sniper reached the street, he felt a sudden curiosity as to the identity of the enemy.
The sniper darted across the street. A machine gun tore up the ground around him with a hail of bullets. But he escaped. He threw himself face downward beside the corpse. The machine gun stopped.
Then the sniper turned over the dead body and looked into his brother`s face.

(a) Give the meaning of the following words as used in the passage: One word answers or short phrases will be accepted. [3]
(i) cautiously
(ii) peered
(iii) trembled
(b) Answer the following questions briefly in your own words.
(i) Why was it risky for the sniper to smoke? What happened when he struck the match to light his cigarette? [2]
(ii) Why did the sniper shoot the old woman? What happened to the sniper then? [2]
(iii) What happened to the sniper`s enemy when he was shot? [2]
(iv) How did the enemy’s fall from the roof affect the sniper? [2]
(v) Where did the sniper decide to go? What was the situation there? [2]
(vi) Why was the sniper curious to know the identity of the enemy sniper? [2]
(c)
(i) In not more than 60 words, narrate how the sniper tricked his enemy and killed him. [8]
(ii) Give a title to your summary in 3 (c) (i). Give a reason to justify your choice. [2]

Question 4
(a) Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space. [4]
Example:
(0) He ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ (slam) on the brakes as a dog suddenly crossed the road.
(1) Answer: slammed
When we (1) ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ (come) out of the cafe, it had started (2) ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ (rain). “We must get a taxi,” my mother said. We were wearing ordinary hats and coats, and it ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­(3) ______ (rain) quite hard. We (4)­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______(stand) on the pavement in the rain, ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­(5)______(look) for a taxi. Lots of them came by but they all (6) ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ (have) passengers inside them. “I wish we ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­(7) ______ (have) a car with a chauffeur,” my mother said. Just then a man came­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ up to us. He ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­(8) ______ (be) a small man and he was pretty old, probably seventy or more.

(b) Fill in each blank with an appropriate word: [4]
(i) The old man peered closely ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ the photograph.
(ii) The country sealed its borders to prevent the influx ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ of illegal immigrants.
(iii) Students should be fully acquainted ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ fundamental grammar of English.
(iv) Preventive measures have been taken to ward ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ an outbreak of cholera
(v) The pupils were rebuked ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ making so much noise.
(vi) Jane, a brilliant swimmer, represented Britain ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______ the Olympic Games.
(vii) I often meet Tom ______ his way to school.
(viii) ______ this time next year, George will have taken his university degree.

(c) Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so. [4]
(i) The boys ran off. They saw the owner of the orchard.
(ii) I have found the book. I lost it yesterday.
(iii) The poor peasant could not read. The poor peasant could not write.
(iv) The passage was very difficult. I could not translate it.

(d) Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence. [8]

(i) They not only robbed the old man but also they beat him up.
(Begin: Besides ………………………………………)
(ii) We hired a taxi as we missed the bus.
(Begin: If ………………….)
(iii) Though he had a headache, he enjoyed the film.
( Begin: Despite ………………………………………)
(iv) If Thomas improves his IT skills, he will get a better-paid job.
(Begin: Unless……………………………………… )
(v) People believe that the culprit has escaped from the prison.
(Begin: The culprit………………………………………)
(vi) The thief hid behind a wall so that the police might not see him.
(Use ‘lest’.)
(vii) As soon as he heard the footsteps behind him, he took out the revolver.
(Begin: No sooner ………………………………………).
(viii) He has probably forgotten my address.
(Begin: In ………………………………………)

Format of an Email

Format of an Email

To:          Use a complete probable email id

(For example, harmonyschool@gmail.com)

Subject:                 (The subject should be suitable to the given topic)

 

Salutation

 

Opening sentence

Content                Message                                                                                                                                                Closing sentence

Subscription    Full Name/Designation

When writing an Official Email, the following points should be noted

@    Use a formal tone or style

@    Convey the message in clear and simple language

@    Avoid short forms such as LOL/ ROFL or SMS vocabulary and spelling like u r gr8

@    Follow the conventional rules of punctuation

@    Use of Capital Letters carefully

(In general, writing a word all in Capital Letters is considered rude)

@    Follow the of Netiquette

 

Netiquette is a term used to indicate Internet etiquette, courtesy and consideration for others using shared services, mailing lists, and so on.

ICSE 2017 English I Practice Test

ICSE 2017 English I Practice Test

Question 1

Recently, you went to a restaurant for dinner and there you saw a renowned personality. You had an opportunity of spending some moments with him or her. Write a letter to your friend, giving a brief account of your memorable interaction.      [10]
Question 2
Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so.
i) There was little hope of success. They decided to perform the operation.
ii) Tom qualified for the finals. Brown qualified for the finals.              [ 2]
.
Question 3
Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage.
Robert (1) …..(fly) into house and retuned in five seconds (2) ….. (hold) a powerful rifle and ramming a cartilage into the breech. Mdhisho was yelling. “ The lion (3) …..(take) the wife of the cook and is eating her and the cook (4) …..( (be) chasing the lion and trying (5) …. (save) his wife.” As we came running round the corner, we (6) …..(see) four or five houseboys leaping about.                                                                                [3]
Question 4
Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.
i. They have pulled down the old building.
(Begin: The old building……)
ii. Though he was young, he fought valiantly.
(Use ‘as’ instead of ‘though’)
iii. As soon as he gets money, he spends it.
(Begin: No sooner ……)
iv. He ran too quickly for me to catch him.
(Rewrite using ‘so….that.)
v. If you do not put some oil on the hinge, it will squeak.
(Begin: Unless……)
vi. Put on your warm clothes, otherwise you will catch a chill.
(Use ‘lest’ instead of ‘otherwise’.)
vii. Although he has a car, he often goes to the office by bus.
(Change into a simple sentence using ‘In spite of ’.)
viii. As soon as they began to speak, they heard a loud knock at the door.
(Begin: Scarcely……)
ix. It is better to starve than to beg.
(Begin: Starving……)
x. They made Newton President of the Royal Society.
(Change the Voice.)                                                                            [10]

Summary: A Horse and Two Goats R. K.Narayan

A Horse and Two Goats

R. K. Narayan

R. K. Narayan, a prominent Indian author writing in English, is https://approachenglish.files.wordpress.com/2017/07/a-horse-and-two-goats.jpg   best known for his fourteen novels, many of which take place in the fictional town of Malgudi.

 

 A Horse and Two Goats, one of the few of his stories not set in Malgudi, presents an

 amusing dialogue between Muni, a poor Tamil-speaking villager, and an affluent English-speaking businessman from New York. Through the conversation in which neither can understand the other’s language, R.K. Narayan humorously projetcs the conflicts between the rich and the poor, and between Indian and Western culture.

Against the backdrop of probably the smallest of countless Indian villages, Kritam, the story A Horse and Two Goats begins with the depiction of the poverty in which Muni, the central character, lives. There are around thirty houses in the village but only one, the Big House, is built of brick. The others are mud huts of bamboo thatch. The village has neither running water nor electricity. Muni and his wife were not always so poor. Once, he regarded himself well-off as he had a flock of forty sheep and goats. But years of drought, a famine, and an epidemic affected his flock and now he is left with only two scrawny goats. Being a low caste, Muni was not allowed to go to school or to learn a craft. Since Muni and his wife have no children, their only income is from the odd jobs his wife gets at the Big House.

Daily Muni’s wife cooks their typical breakfast of a fistful of millet flour over a fire in a mud pot. On this day, Muni has managed to get six drumsticks from the drumstick tree in front of his house. He demands his wife to cook them for him in a sauce. She agrees and asks him to get the other ingredients which they do not have in the house.

Muni has run through his credit at all the shops in the village, and today, when he asks a local shopman to give him the items his wife requires, he is disgraced and dismissed by the shopkeeper.

There is nothing else in the house and hence, Muni’s wife sends him away telling him to fast till the evening. Muni takes the goats to their usual patch: a grassy spot near the highway. Here, sitting in his favourite place, the shade of the pedestal of a horse and a warrior, Muni observes trucks and buses passing by.

As he waits for the time to return home, a yellow station wagon comes down the road and pulls over. A flushed American man dressed in khaki steps out and asks Muni about the nearest gas station. He looks at the statue and is instantly attracted to it. When he sees the khaki-clad foreigner, Muni’s initial instinct is to flee thinking that the foreigner must be a policeman or a soldier. However, Muni is too old to run and moreover, he cannot abandon the goats. Presently, the foreigner and Muni carry on a conversation, neither understanding the other. The American greets Muni using his only Indian word Namaste and Muni responds with the only English he knows-Yes, no.

The American is a New York based   businessman. After lighting a cigarette, he offers one to Muni. Then he gives Muni his business card, and Muni is terrified that it is a warrant. Muni commences a lengthy explanation to establish his innocence. The American presumes that Muni is the owner of the statue and expresses his wish to buy it. In between, he tells Muni about an awful day at work when he was compelled to work for hours without elevators or electricity. He seems blithely unaware that Muni lives this way every day.

The two strangers chitchat, each about his own life. Muni recalls his father and grandfather remarking about the statue and attempts to enlighten the American of the myth behind it. Muni explains to the foreigner that the statue is the guardian of the village and that at the end of this world, the Redeemer will come in the shape of a horse. The American is charmed by the rhythm of chaste Tamil as Muni recollects his grim and poverty-stricken childhood. The American does not understand a single word but assures Muni that the horse will have the best home in the U.S.A.

At last, the American shoves one hundred rupees into Muni’s hand and is certain that he has bought the horse, and Muni thinks that he has just sold his goats. Muni runs home to give the money to his wife. The American stops a truck, gets help to remove the horse off its pedestal, and drives away with his new acquisition. Muni’s wife considers Muni’s story to be a deliberate fib, and her misgivings are confirmed when the goats return home. As the story ends we find the miserable Muni facing the ire of his shrieking wife.

The most important theme in A Horse and Two Goats is the clash of cultures, specifically the clash of Indian and Western cultures. Using humour, instead of anger, Narayan demonstrates just how different the two worlds are. The two main characters in this story could not be more different: Muni is poor, rustic, illiterate, brown; the American is rich, city-bred, educated, white. Each man is completely ignorant of the other’s way of life.

It is essential to fathom R.K Narayan’s humour that is affectionate and sympathetic to humanity and human foibles in understanding the story, A Horse and Two Goats.  The statue of the horse, once glorious and elegant but now tatty and wretched, amusingly alludes to the present impoverished and irrelevant state of the village Kritam. When R.K Narayan creates the laughable characters of Muni and the American, the “two goats”, he jests at them softly and sympathetically, but never severely.