A ballad is a narrative poem which tells a story and is meant to be sung. A ballad usually begins abruptly: it avoids an introduction or build up to the main crux of the poem.. Most of the ballads have four-line stanzas with a specific rhyme scheme. The internal rhyme and alliterations add to the feel of the ballad.
Ballads usually centre on the most fundamental yet significant ideas, such as death, avarice, bravery, love, self-will, evasion, allegiance and destiny. Generally a ballad takes up traditional themes like love and loss, violence and grief, destiny and death.