Format of an Email

Format of an Email

To:          Use a complete probable email id

(For example,

Subject:                 (The subject should be suitable to the given topic)




Opening sentence

Content                Message                                                                                                                                                Closing sentence

Subscription    Full Name/Designation

When writing an Official Email, the following points should be noted

@    Use a formal tone or style

@    Convey the message in clear and simple language

@    Avoid short forms such as LOL/ ROFL or SMS vocabulary and spelling like u r gr8

@    Follow the conventional rules of punctuation

@    Use of Capital Letters carefully

(In general, writing a word all in Capital Letters is considered rude)

@    Follow the of Netiquette


Netiquette is a term used to indicate Internet etiquette, courtesy and consideration for others using shared services, mailing lists, and so on.

ICSE 2017 English I Practice Test

ICSE 2017 English I Practice Test

Question 1

Recently, you went to a restaurant for dinner and there you saw a renowned personality. You had an opportunity of spending some moments with him or her. Write a letter to your friend, giving a brief account of your memorable interaction.      [10]
Question 2
Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so.
i) There was little hope of success. They decided to perform the operation.
ii) Tom qualified for the finals. Brown qualified for the finals.              [ 2]
Question 3
Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage.
Robert (1) …..(fly) into house and retuned in five seconds (2) ….. (hold) a powerful rifle and ramming a cartilage into the breech. Mdhisho was yelling. “ The lion (3) …..(take) the wife of the cook and is eating her and the cook (4) …..( (be) chasing the lion and trying (5) …. (save) his wife.” As we came running round the corner, we (6) …..(see) four or five houseboys leaping about.                                                                                [3]
Question 4
Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.
i. They have pulled down the old building.
(Begin: The old building……)
ii. Though he was young, he fought valiantly.
(Use ‘as’ instead of ‘though’)
iii. As soon as he gets money, he spends it.
(Begin: No sooner ……)
iv. He ran too quickly for me to catch him.
(Rewrite using ‘so….that.)
v. If you do not put some oil on the hinge, it will squeak.
(Begin: Unless……)
vi. Put on your warm clothes, otherwise you will catch a chill.
(Use ‘lest’ instead of ‘otherwise’.)
vii. Although he has a car, he often goes to the office by bus.
(Change into a simple sentence using ‘In spite of ’.)
viii. As soon as they began to speak, they heard a loud knock at the door.
(Begin: Scarcely……)
ix. It is better to starve than to beg.
(Begin: Starving……)
x. They made Newton President of the Royal Society.
(Change the Voice.)                                                                            [10]

Summary: A Horse and Two Goats R. K.Narayan

A Horse and Two Goats

R. K. Narayan

R. K. Narayan, a prominent Indian author writing in English, is   best known for his fourteen novels, many of which take place in the fictional town of Malgudi.


 A Horse and Two Goats, one of the few of his stories not set in Malgudi, presents an

 amusing dialogue between Muni, a poor Tamil-speaking villager, and an affluent English-speaking businessman from New York. Through the conversation in which neither can understand the other’s language, R.K. Narayan humorously projetcs the conflicts between the rich and the poor, and between Indian and Western culture.

Against the backdrop of probably the smallest of countless Indian villages, Kritam, the story A Horse and Two Goats begins with the depiction of the poverty in which Muni, the central character, lives. There are around thirty houses in the village but only one, the Big House, is built of brick. The others are mud huts of bamboo thatch. The village has neither running water nor electricity. Muni and his wife were not always so poor. Once, he regarded himself well-off as he had a flock of forty sheep and goats. But years of drought, a famine, and an epidemic affected his flock and now he is left with only two scrawny goats. Being a low caste, Muni was not allowed to go to school or to learn a craft. Since Muni and his wife have no children, their only income is from the odd jobs his wife gets at the Big House.

Daily Muni’s wife cooks their typical breakfast of a fistful of millet flour over a fire in a mud pot. On this day, Muni has managed to get six drumsticks from the drumstick tree in front of his house. He demands his wife to cook them for him in a sauce. She agrees and asks him to get the other ingredients which they do not have in the house.

Muni has run through his credit at all the shops in the village, and today, when he asks a local shopman to give him the items his wife requires, he is disgraced and dismissed by the shopkeeper.

There is nothing else in the house and hence, Muni’s wife sends him away telling him to fast till the evening. Muni takes the goats to their usual patch: a grassy spot near the highway. Here, sitting in his favourite place, the shade of the pedestal of a horse and a warrior, Muni observes trucks and buses passing by.

As he waits for the time to return home, a yellow station wagon comes down the road and pulls over. A flushed American man dressed in khaki steps out and asks Muni about the nearest gas station. He looks at the statue and is instantly attracted to it. When he sees the khaki-clad foreigner, Muni’s initial instinct is to flee thinking that the foreigner must be a policeman or a soldier. However, Muni is too old to run and moreover, he cannot abandon the goats. Presently, the foreigner and Muni carry on a conversation, neither understanding the other. The American greets Muni using his only Indian word Namaste and Muni responds with the only English he knows-Yes, no.

The American is a New York based   businessman. After lighting a cigarette, he offers one to Muni. Then he gives Muni his business card, and Muni is terrified that it is a warrant. Muni commences a lengthy explanation to establish his innocence. The American presumes that Muni is the owner of the statue and expresses his wish to buy it. In between, he tells Muni about an awful day at work when he was compelled to work for hours without elevators or electricity. He seems blithely unaware that Muni lives this way every day.

The two strangers chitchat, each about his own life. Muni recalls his father and grandfather remarking about the statue and attempts to enlighten the American of the myth behind it. Muni explains to the foreigner that the statue is the guardian of the village and that at the end of this world, the Redeemer will come in the shape of a horse. The American is charmed by the rhythm of chaste Tamil as Muni recollects his grim and poverty-stricken childhood. The American does not understand a single word but assures Muni that the horse will have the best home in the U.S.A.

At last, the American shoves one hundred rupees into Muni’s hand and is certain that he has bought the horse, and Muni thinks that he has just sold his goats. Muni runs home to give the money to his wife. The American stops a truck, gets help to remove the horse off its pedestal, and drives away with his new acquisition. Muni’s wife considers Muni’s story to be a deliberate fib, and her misgivings are confirmed when the goats return home. As the story ends we find the miserable Muni facing the ire of his shrieking wife.

The most important theme in A Horse and Two Goats is the clash of cultures, specifically the clash of Indian and Western cultures. Using humour, instead of anger, Narayan demonstrates just how different the two worlds are. The two main characters in this story could not be more different: Muni is poor, rustic, illiterate, brown; the American is rich, city-bred, educated, white. Each man is completely ignorant of the other’s way of life.

It is essential to fathom R.K Narayan’s humour that is affectionate and sympathetic to humanity and human foibles in understanding the story, A Horse and Two Goats.  The statue of the horse, once glorious and elegant but now tatty and wretched, amusingly alludes to the present impoverished and irrelevant state of the village Kritam. When R.K Narayan creates the laughable characters of Muni and the American, the “two goats”, he jests at them softly and sympathetically, but never severely.

English 1: Grammar and Composition Practice 1 Answers

English 1: Grammar and Composition Practice 1 Answers

Question 1

Write an application in response to the advertisement given below:                                    Format: Formal

  1. Response to advertisement dated…….. (name of the newspaper)
  2. Introduction: Name and essential details such as age, place, and so on.
  3. Applying for Part-Time Salesperson. Name of the Home Appliance Company.
  4. Name of the discipline, year, percentage/ marks obtained.
  5. Fluency in English.
  6. Copies of Certificates enclosed.
  7. Request to consider the application.

Question 2

Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each.

  1. Never (before) has he done such a stupid mistake.
  2. I advised John to consult a doctor.
  3. The player’s decision to retire saddened the fans.
  4. Do you exercise daily as I do?
  5. Who substituted the broken umbrella for a good one?
  6. People say that Camilla has been a diplomat.
  7. Anoushka wishes that she had studied regularly.
  8. Despite being rich, Job is not unsympathetic towards the needy.
  9. Jolly wished that she might win the lottery.
  10. Had he not injured his foot, he would have won the race.

Question 3

Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.

  1. He has a passion for reading detective stories.
  2. I congratulated him on his success.
  3. He was so amusing that all laughed at him
  4. I ran into Graham in the restaurant.
  5. The book consists of 21 chapters.


English 1: Grammar and Composition Practice 1

English 1: Grammar and Composition Practice 1

Question 1
Write an application in response to the advertisement given below:

Suitable young Salespersons- on Part-Time basis-
to market electronic appliances for a leading Home Appliance Company.
Candidates should be at least a graduate and should be fluent in English.

Question 2

Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each.
1. He has never made such a stupid mistake before.
[Begin: Never…]
2. If I were you, John, I would consult a doctor.
[Use: the correct form of advice]
3. The fans were saddened when the player decide to retire.
[Use: noun form of decision]
4. I exercise daily. What about you?
[Combine the sentences]
5. Who replaced the good umbrella with a broken one?
[Use: substitute]
6. Camilla is said to have been a diplomat.
[Begin: People…]
7. Anoushka did not study regularly. She regrets it now.
[Use: wishes]
8. Rich as Job is, he is not unsympathetic towards the needy.
[Begin: Despite…]
9. Jolly said, ‘Let me win the lottery.’
[Change into indirect speech]
10. But for the injured foot, he would have won the race.
[Begin: Had…]
Question 3
Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.
1. He has a passion ……… reading detective stories.
2. I congratulated him ……… his success.
3. He was so amusing that all laughed ……… him
4. I ran ……… Graham in the restaurant.
5. The book consists ……… 21 chapters.